Imortance of Minerals

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default Imortance of Minerals

Post  FinchG on Thu Mar 08, 2012 2:11 pm

The importance of Minerals


As a major material used in mineralisation of strong bones, eggshell production, and muscle function calcium is the most abundant mineral by mass in many animals.


The main areas where copper is found in animals are tissues, liver, muscle and bone. Copper helps maintain flexibilty of blood vessels for good circulation and promotes healing.


Iron plays a very important role and is the complex ion responsible for the formation of haemoglobin, the protein responsible for carrying oxygen in the blood. Iron is also needed by hens for egg production.


Magnesium ions are essential to all living cells and promotes the activity of enzymes responsible for nutrient absorption and transportation. Magnesium plays a major role in manipulating important biological polyphosphate compounds like ATP, DNA and RNA.


Maganese is a required trace element for all living animals. The classes of enzymes that have manganese cofactors are very broad and are used to promote metabolism of fats and sugars. In birds manganese improves hatchability.


The majority of the phosphorus in the body is found as phosphate. Phosphorus plays a major role in the structure of DNA and RNA Living cells also use phosphate to transport cellular energy in the form of ATP. Nearly every cellular process that uses energy obtains it in the form of ATP. Phosporus helps the release of energy from carbohydrates fats and proteins. Calcium phosphate salts assist in stiffening bones.


Pottassium is important in brain and nerve function and is needed for heart and muscle activity.


Sodium aids nerve function and aids protein absorption and maintains ionic strength of body fluids.


In birds Zinc contributes to the production of feathers and promotes sexual maturity in males.


Manganese deficiency will cause poor growth, reduced egg laying and soft bones. Thin shelled eggs, low hatchability and late dead in shell are also seen.

Zinc deficiency has caused retarded growth, poor feathering and abnormal bone growth. Interestingly if excess calcium is given to the birds then the signs of zinc deficiency are worse! Zinc is critical for normal longevity because of its involvement in tissue repair and wound healing.

Iron is necessary for almost every tissue in the body. Blood components

( haemoglobin ) cannot function without Iron. Iron is a classic case of “ oils ain’t oils”.

Iron from animal sources (Chelated Iron ) is absorbed some 5 times greater than iron from vegetable sources (2). Professor Baines hinted at this when he commented on “ chemical composition “ .

Copper is a component of several proteins, enzymes and natural pigments. It is needed for blood, bone, tissue and skin production.

Cobalt, although needed in very small amounts is used as a building block for Vitamin B 12 and in the function of several enzyme systems within the body.

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